The "No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)"
was signed into law on January 8, 2002; during George W. Bush's first term as U.S. President. Under this law, states are required
to work more closely with schools in helping students from low income areas, and students with learning disabilities obtain
the same academic proficiency as other students who are not as disadvantaged. NCLB gives states and school district more freedom
and flexibility to use federal funds in ways it will help all students, advantaged or disadvantaged, succeed. Also, parents
of disadvantaged students are allowed to transfer their children to other schools, if their schools don't measure up to the
state's standards for two consecutive years. Parents of disadvantaged students can send their children to other schools if
their children are victims of crimes on campus, or their children are attending schools in rough neighborhoods
which are unsafe because of persistent violent crimes.